MongoDB and “joins”

I"m sure MongoDB doesn"t officially support "joins". What does this mean?

Does this mean "We cannot connect two collections(tables) together."?

I think if we put the value for _id in collection A to the other_id in collection B, can we simply connect two collections?

If my understanding is correct, MongoDB can connect two tables together, say, when we run a query. This is done by "Reference" written in

Then what does "joins" really mean?

I"d love to know the answer because this is essential to learn MongoDB schema design.

It's no join since the relationship will only be evaluated when needed. A join (in a SQL database) on the other hand will resolve relationships and return them as if they were a single table (you "join two tables into one").

You can read more about DBRef here:

There are two possible solutions for resolving references. One is to do it manually, as you have almost described. Just save a document's _id in another document's other_id, then write your own function to resolve the relationship. The other solution is to use DBRefs as described on the manual page above, which will make MongoDB resolve the relationship client-side on demand. Which solution you choose does not matter so much because both methods will resolve the relationship client-side (note that a SQL database resolves joins on the server-side).
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