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How can I upload files asynchronously?

How to upload a file asynchronously with jQuery api.
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With HTML5 you CAN make file uploads with Ajax and jQuery. Not only that, you can do file validations (name, size, and MIME-type) or handle the progress event with the HTML5 progress tag (or a div). Recently I had to make a file uploader, but I didn't want to use Flash nor Iframes or plugins and after some research I came up with the solution.

The HTML:

<form enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input name="file" type="file" />
    <input type="button" value="Upload" />
</form>
<progress></progress>


First, you can do some validation if you want. For example, in the onChange event of the file:

$(':file').change(function(){
    var file = this.files[0];
    var name = file.name;
    var size = file.size;
    var type = file.type;
    //Your validation
});


Now the Ajax submit with the button's click:

$(':button').click(function(){
    var formData = new FormData($('form')[0]);
    $.ajax({
        url: 'upload.php',  //Server script to process data
        type: 'POST',
        xhr: function() {  // Custom XMLHttpRequest
            var myXhr = $.ajaxSettings.xhr();
            if(myXhr.upload){ // Check if upload property exists
                myXhr.upload.addEventListener('progress',progressHandlingFunction, false); // For handling the progress of the upload
            }
            return myXhr;
        },
        //Ajax events
        beforeSend: beforeSendHandler,
        success: completeHandler,
        error: errorHandler,
        // Form data
        data: formData,
        //Options to tell jQuery not to process data or worry about content-type.
        cache: false,
        contentType: false,
        processData: false
    });
});


Now if you want to handle the progress.

function progressHandlingFunction(e){
    if(e.lengthComputable){
        $('progress').attr({value:e.loaded,max:e.total});
    }
}



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