# JSTL application unable to deploy on Tomcat 7

When I am trying to deploy my app I got the exception:

SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet [obliquid.servlet.Index] in context with path [/cp] threw exception [The absolute uri: http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core cannot be resolved in either web.xml or the jar files deployed with this application]

Tomcat 7 has "Spec versions: Servlet 3.0, JSP 2.2, EL 2.2", so JSTL is not included?

When I tried to upload standard.jar and jstl.jar I had the following error:

org.apache.jasper.JasperException: /jsp/index.jsp (line: 3, column: 62) Unable to read TLD "META-INF/c.tld" from JAR file "jndi:/localhost/cp/WEB-INF/lib/standard.jar": org.apache.jasper.JasperException: Failed to load or instantiate TagLibraryValidator class: org.apache.taglibs.standard.tlv.JstlCoreTLV

I hope you know Tomcat is not come up with JSTL dependencies.

You should put your jstl and standard jars in WEB-INF/lib (you've done that), and make sure you have the permissions to read them (chmod)

Your URI is correct and it should work (works here)

I am trying a lot and do so many homework and finally here is my findings.

I am using Tomcat 7, which is a Servlet 3.0-compliant server.

If you desire to use the Servlet 3.0 spec, you must have your web.xml as follows:

<web-app
xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" version="3.0">

If you're using Maven, your pom.xml should have these lines.

<dependency>
<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
<artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
<version>3.0.1</version>
<scope>provided</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
<version>1.2</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.glassfish.web</groupId>
<artifactId>jstl-impl</artifactId>
<version>1.2</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
</exclusion>
<exclusion>
<artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
<groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
</exclusion>
<exclusion>
<artifactId>jstl-api</artifactId>
<groupId>javax.servlet.jsp.jstl</groupId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>

These dependencies are very important. JSTL 2.1 + Tomcat 7 + Servlet 3.0 is very broken unless you fix it by using these lines, especially the exclusion part. What is happening is the JSTL 2.1 Jars are actually pulling in the wrong versions of the Servlet spec--2.5. Unless you stop that from happening, you will be in a whole world of pain. A special thanks to Mr. Murray Todd Williams for these insights .

Finally, in case Maven can't find those JARS, you can make Eclipse happy by including three JARS with your project and doing the usual Project--> Properties--> Java Build Path and include them that way--though Maven should take care of it.

javax.servlet-api-3.0.1.jar
javax.servlet.jsp.jstl-1.2.1.jar
javax.servlet.jsp.jstl-api-1.2.1.jar

Please note! This exact configuration only applies if you are using the magic combination of:

A Servlet 3.0-compliant application server such as Tomcat 7

Your web.xml has the right namespace for the Servlet 3.0 spec

You have those three JARS and no other JSTL or Servlet JARS on your classpath.

Make sure you do not place copies of these JARs in your WEB-INF/lib directory because they would in that case be sent to the server thereby causing LinkageErrors.

In your JSP, you need to have this PRECISE line, formatted exactly as I have it or else Eclipse will whine that it doesn't recognize the c:blah tags:

<%@taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>

What a danged PITA! This is MUCH harder to implement than any other version of JSTL. This is the only example of something getting much more complicated rather than simpler in later iterations.