On my own database, the SQL to drop this would be:
alter table MYTABLE drop constraint SYS_C0044566
I can see the constraint when I query the
select * from all_constraints where table_name = "MYTABLE"
but I am not sure how to work with the
LONG data type or how best to dynamically delete the looked-up constraint even after I know its name.
So, how can I create a change script that can drop this constraint based on what it is, rather than what its name is?
EDIT: @Allan"s answer is a good one, but I am concerned (in my lack of Oracle expertise) that it may not be universally true that any constraint that might have a system-generated name will have associated with it a way to remove the constraint without having to know its name. Is it true that there will always be a way to avoid having to know a system-named constraint"s name when logically dropping that constraint?
alter table MYTABLE modify (MYCOLUMN null);
In Oracle, not null constraints are created automatically when not null is specified for a column. Likewise, they are dropped automatically when the column is changed to allow nulls.
Clarifying the revised question: This solution only applies to constraints created for "not null" columns. If you specify "Primary Key" or a check constraint in the column definition without naming it, you'll end up with a system-generated name for the constraint (and the index, for the primary key). In those cases, you'd need to know the name to drop it. The best advice there is to avoid the scenario by making sure you specify a name for all constraints other than "not null". If you find yourself in the situation where you need to drop one of these constraints generically, you'll probably need to resort to PL/SQL and the data-definition tables.