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inner join on vs where clause

For simplicity, assume all relevant fields are NOT NULL.

You can do:

SELECT
    table1.this, table2.that, table2.somethingelse
FROM
    table1, table2
WHERE
    table1.foreignkey = table2.primarykey
    AND (some other conditions)

Or else:

SELECT
    table1.this, table2.that, table2.somethingelse
FROM
    table1 INNER JOIN table2
    ON table1.foreignkey = table2.primarykey
WHERE
    (some other conditions)


userimage
INNER JOIN is ANSI syntax which you should use.
It is generally considered more readable, especially when you join lots of tables.
It can also be easily replaced with an OUTER JOIN whenever a need arises.
The WHERE syntax is more relational model oriented.
A result of two tables JOIN'ed is a cartesian product of the tables to which a filter is applied which selects only those rows with joining columns matching.
It's easier to see this with the WHERE syntax.
As for your example, in MySQL (and in SQL generally) these two queries are synonyms.
Also note that MySQL also has a STRAIGHT_JOIN clause.
Using this clause, you can control the JOIN order: which table is scanned in the outer loop and which one is in the inner loop.

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